Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video I'm going to talk about something I love,
and that is travel. So, if you like travelling too, if you're planning on going on a vacation,
or if you know somebody who's travelling, this video will be very, very helpful to you.
In this video I'm going to teach you some very important verbs. They're all phrasal
verbs, and I'll explain what a phrasal verb is in a moment. So, these are all verbs that
we use when we're talking about travel. Okay.
So, to get started, I wanted to tell you a little bit about phrasal verbs.
What is a phrasal verb? One of the difficulties students have with English are verbs where you have
a verb and a preposition. So, when you see a verb and a preposition together, that's
a phrasal verb. Now, you might be thinking: "What's a preposition?" Good question. I'm
going to give you an example. We have here four words, each of these is a phrasal verb.
They all have the verb "get": "get in", "get up", "get on", "get over", and there's many
more, "get away". There's tons of them. Each of these actually can have multiple meanings,
too. So, one of the most difficult parts about English is learning phrasal verbs, because
this, the blue part is the preposition, it can change the meaning of the verb. Okay?
So, prepositions are words like: "on", "off", "up", "down", "toward", "over", "away",
these types of words are prepositions. So, you'll notice with phrasal verbs, they're very, very
common in conversation. They're... You can write them down, too, but in general, when
people talk they often use phrasal verbs. Okay? So, they're very, very important, especially
when you're talking about going on a trip with your friends or family.
So let's look at some of the common phrasal verbs we use when we're talking about trips.
The first verb I want to teach you: "Drop off". Okay? So: "drop" is the verb, "off"
is the preposition, together: "drop off" is a phrasal verb. What does this mean:
"drop off"? When you "drop someone off" it means you're taking them to a place and then you
leave them there. So, for example, maybe your friend needs to go to the airport, so you
drive them to the airport and you drop them off at the airport. This means you take them
there and you leave them in that place. Okay? So they don't come home with you; they stay
there. So, for example, I have a friend named Frank, and when Frank goes travelling:
"We drop Frank off at the airport." So, we drive Frank to the airport, he has all his luggage,
his suitcases, and then we say to Frank: "Goodbye, Frank, you know, have a nice trip." We drop
Frank off at the airport. You can also use "drop off" in a lot of other situations. For
example, when you were a child maybe your parents, your mom or your dad, or maybe your
grandparents dropped you off at school. This means that they took you to school, and then
once you got to school, they would say goodbye to you and they would leave. So: "drop off"
means you take someone to a place, and then you leave them there. You'll also notice...
So, I have here the verb and the preposition. "Frank" is a name of a person and it's in
the middle of "drop" and "off". Okay? So, these two are not together. We drop somebody
off at the airport. Okay? So, sometimes with phrasal verbs... For some phrasal verbs you
actually separate them, and you can put the names of somebody between them; for other
ones you can't do that. For this one: "drop off", you put the name between the two...
Between the verb and the preposition.
So, now let's look at another example of a common phrasal verb. "See off". Okay? So,
again, we have "off" in both of these. "See off" is when... It's similar to "drop off",
but it's a little bit different. Sometimes your family or your friends are going away
for a long time, maybe they're going on a vacation or a trip, so you want to
"see them off".
It means you want to say goodbye to them at the airport, at the train station,
maybe at their house. So, it's that goodbye you say before somebody goes off on a vacation.
Okay? So, for example: "We see Frank off." Frank is going to Australia, so we go to the
airport because we want to say goodbye to Frank, so: "We see Frank off" is another way
to say: "We say goodbye to Frank when he goes on his trip." All right, so now let's look
at... Oh, and again, similar to "drop off", notice where "Frank" is. "We see Frank off.",
"Frank" is between the verb and the preposition. Okay? So, we see somebody off.
"We see our mother off.", "We see our father off.", "We see our friend off."
So, this is the way you use this phrasal verb.
Now, let's look at some other phrasal verbs that have to do with travel.
Okay, so our next phrasal verb is very important when we're talking about the airport. Okay?
So, if you've ever been on an airplane, you should know this word: "take off". So, the
meaning of "take off" is this is when the airplane leaves the airport and flies away.
Okay? So, if this is the airplane, it takes off. Okay? It's the opposite of "lands". So:
"takes off" means the airplane goes up into the sky. So, an example of this is very simple:
"The plane takes off." Okay? "The plane takes off at 7 o'clock." Again, "takes" and "off"
are together, so there's nothing separating them.
All right, what's another important phrasal verb? We also have: "Get in". So, this also
has to do with the airplane. This is when the plane arrives at the airport. "...on an airport"
, "plane arrives", sorry. The plane arrives at an airport. Okay? So, for example:
"Frank's plane gets in at 9 pm." We can also use this for a person. Okay? When you say:
"Frank gets in at 9 pm", it pretty much means arrives. So: "Frank gets in at 9 pm.", "Frank's airplane gets in at 9 pm." We can also use this for train:
"Frank's train gets in at 9 pm."
So, it means arrives. Okay? And we use it a lot when we talk about transportation,
like planes and trains. Okay.
The next one: "Check in". "Check in" and "Check out". These are very important for when you
stay at a hotel or a hostile. Okay? So, when you check in, this means you register at the
hotel. So, for example, I want to stay at a hotel, I want to sleep at the hotel, I go
to the hotel and there's somebody at the front desk, and what do I say to them? I say:
"I would like to check in." "Frank checks in.", "Frank checks in to the hotel."
So, this means Frank goes into the hotel, and he tells them: "I'm here. I want a bed. I check in."
Now, the opposite of this is "Check out". This is when you leave the hotel, and you
pay them the money for your stay there. So, maybe you go to the hotel for five days, when
you leave the hotel and you pay the money for those five days, that's when you check
out. So, we can say: "Frank checks out." Now, let's look at a couple more phrasal verbs.
Okay, so our next phrasal verb is: "set out". Okay? "Set out". So, what does it mean? When
you set out it means you start... So, key word here is "start". A journey, or you sometimes
start a road trip. So, it's the beginning of usually a journey or a trip. So, for example,
imagine Frank, he's at the hotel and he wants to go on an adventure, he wants to explore.
Maybe he's... I said he was in Australia, maybe he's in Sydney, Australia, and he wants
to explore Sydney, so we can say: "Frank set out early to explore." This means that Frank
starts his journey early. Okay? If you've ever gone on a road trip where you drove your
car somewhere very far, you know, maybe you drove your car for three days to go somewhere,
you can say: "Every day we set out early" or "we set out late". So this means we began
our trip early or we began our trip late. So, "set out" means to start a journey.
Okay, our last one, very important: "pick up". Okay, there's many different meanings
of the word "pick up". You can pick up the phone, you can pick something up with your
hand. In this case it's a little bit different when we're talking about travel. When we're
talking about "pick up" here, we're talking about where you get someone from a place,
and then you take them to another place. So, for example, when Frank comes home, I will
pick Frank up from the airport and take Frank home. Okay? So it's where you... Usually it's
you're in a car, not always, but usually you pick somebody up with your car, and you take
them somewhere else. So, for example: "Michelle picks Frank up in her car." So, maybe at the
airport, she drives to the airport, Frank's there from his long trip in Australia, and
she picks him up. Not literally, she doesn't lift him up. No. With her car, she takes him
from the airport to his house. Okay.
So, I'd like you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com,
and there, you can actually do a quiz to practice all the words you learned today and the grammar in these words.
So, I hope you check that out. And until next time, take care.