Albert Einstein is one of the most well-known physicists, that has ever lived. He revolutionized and reshaped scientific thinking; his most famous theory is the theory of relativity. He also greatly influenced statistical physics, humanitarianism and played a large part in the emergence of quantum physics.
He was born in 1879 to Jewish parents in Germany. He disliked school because he felt it was mindless and boring. He didn't actually do very well in school and preferred to study at home. In 1900 he graduated from the University of Zurich in Switzerland and then went onto the Swiss Patent Office. He was not challenged in his job which was helpful because the lack of demands on him allowed him to develop his own ideas.
In 1905 his ideas grew and eventually his thoughts and ideas about time and space would change world thinking irrevocably. He developed many ideas about quantum, time and atoms. He continued to work until 1909 and then became a professor at the University of Zurich. He moved to Prague for a year to the university there and then moved to Berlin where he took another position as a professor. He developed many ideas and theories.
In 1933 while Einstein was visiting England the Nazi government took his property and citizenship in Berlin because he was Jewish. He decided to move permanently to the United States where he became a member of the newly created Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton University, New Jersey.
In 1939 Einstein was worried that Hitler would create the first atomic bomb and so he urged President Franklin D. Roosevelt to begin researching uranium. The first bomb would be dropped by the US on Japan at the end of the Second World War. Einstein paradoxically was an ardent pacifist.