"The eye of the tiger." Hi. James from www.engvid.com, singing one of my favourite
workout songs: Rocky Balboa, "Eye of the Tiger". You'll notice that Mr. E has on a cape, a
spit curl -- you know, curl -- from Superman. That's coming out June 14 -- advertisement.
But anyway, he's working out. Look at those chest muscles -- pectorals, chest muscles.
And those arms -- biceps. He's a super worm because today we're going to "Work out your
English with Mr. E." Okay. Anyway, why are we doing a workout for something that's mental,
right? It's not physical -- "physical" is body; "mental" is mind. Well, really they
have something in common: they're both good for you. A workout changes your body and makes
it something you want it to be. Learning a language is the same. You're actually changing
the structure of your mind. You're changing things in your brain so you can get a certain
result: a new language or a new way of thinking. The principles, or the way we go about it,
are almost the same. I'm going to break it down because sometimes people get confused
with ideas for learning and think it's difficult, but they understand, you know... you run:
your heart is good. You lift heavy weight: your arms get big. Same thing. Let's go to
the board. Okay, "R", "W", "N": three basic blocks of
any workout. Anybody who's very big and strong will tell you you need these three things
in order to get in good shape and to be strong. Well, what are they?
Let's start off with the one that everybody knows best: A workout -- a "workout" versus
a "program". Now, I have this on the board for a reason. "Working out" in English means
to exercise or do actions to change your body -- make it stronger. In this case, a "workout"
is like a lesson. This is a lesson. This would be a "workout". It's one time -- you go in.
You do it, right? But it's not the same as a "program". A "program" is a few workouts
put together with an idea. You want to get to somewhere, all right? In this case, to
get there, we want to learn English. That's what we want to do. That would be the "program".
The "workout" would be the lessons that we take in order to learn the program. Simple
enough? You're saying, "Okay, I know this. Why are you teaching me?" Well, what most
people don't know, to get the most out of a workout, there are three variables -- three
variables or three things -- that you must do. There is "intensity", "duration", and
"workload", okay? So "intensity": How much you do. Sorry, "intensity" is how hard you
work. "Workload" is how much you do. And "duration" is for how long. Well, in learning a language,
there are three answers to this. So if we start off with, let's say, intensity. Do you
passively -- and passive means just sit there and watch. You're not speaking. You're not
active. You're not doing anything. You just listen, or you just read: that's passive.
We can really make it more intense by taking the information that you hear and you read
and using it right away by writing something like writing a response on www.engvid.com
-- you know, send us a comment -- or talking to somebody. You learn a lesson -- automatically
going out and talking about it. That's really intense, okay? So that's the "intensity".
You can change it from being passive to active or both.
The second one we can look at, as I said, is "workload". What is the "workload"? How
much are you doing, right? Are you doing a page or are you doing grammar? Are you doing
verbs -- sorry, are you doing, you know, vocabulary? What are you doing? Each subpart of it is
harder. Writing is harder. It's a big workload -- right? -- versus learning ten vocabulary
words. What's your workload like? And the other one is "duration". Personally,
when I study, or if I'm studying a language, I like to put in at least 30 minutes. I don't
have to do ten hours. In fact, sometimes doing too much is not good. But how long are you
doing? Five minutes, and you say you're studying? You're not studying. 30 minutes is like the
bare minimum, you know, just the smallest amount. Maybe an hour is good, maybe two hours.
So let's look at those three variables in a workout, and as you change them you'll notice
your ability to learn English gets better and better or goes down, right? So remember
what we said: There's "intensity", which is how hard you're studying; "workload", how
much you're studying; and "duration", how much -- how often -- not how often, but how
long do you study. Five minutes? Ten minutes? An hour? Okay? An hour a day is great. You
don't need more. Watch a few of our videos. Okay, next: "Program". I told you the "program"
is a large thing. A "workout" is one thing; the "program" is all the things. What do you
want? You want to learn English, so you need a program. You need to put it in such a way
that it works. Well, there are also three variables for this. "What?" Yeah, there're
three variables. Number one, you have to -- when you're looking at a program for learning something,
for -- let's talk about language. You have to be consistent. You study today, but not
for six months? That's not consistent. Your workouts are no good. They're not going to
help you if you do them every five months. It's got to be consistent. Daily is best.
What about review? Well, once you learn something, you've got to review it, right? You've got
to review what you're learning, go over it. That's why teachers have tests. I did a video
where I talked about the testing method and why they tested in a certain way. You have
to go over. What did I learn? Review it. Review it. Go over it. It'll help your memory.
And finally, you've got to clean up the garbage, like, correct your mistakes. When you make
a mistake, correct it, okay? Over the long term, if you're correcting the mistakes, you'll
find that the consistency -- the reviewing and the correcting of the mistakes -- your
English will just improve and flower. Before you know it, you're speaking the language,
not learning the language. I know you like that. I do, too.
All right, so we talked about a workout. Now, everybody thinks that's it. You work out.
You just lift these huge heavy weights, and you run, and everything's good. Sorry to tell
you: The human body doesn't work like that and nor does your mind. You work out, but
you need something called "fuel", or something to make it work. When I was talking to you
about your workload, in learning lessons or learning methodology -- method -- what we're
talking about here is nutrition. Nutrition is the food you put in. If you work out and
you eat bad food, you will get a bad result -- lots of work; no return. But with nutrition,
what we want to talk about is -- well, what's "nutrition"? What you put in. What are you
studying? Okay. I often tell people study what you like. It makes more sense. Now, that's
at the beginning, okay? But I also have to look at, when I'm talking about nutrition
-- it's what type of information you're taking. There are two types of English, really. There's
what I call "bar English" and "business English". And I would teach this to my students because
they would come in and say "I'm studying for IELTS and TOEFL, and I need to know all this
academic stuff." And I went, "Great, so are you not going to ever go out in a foreign
country and talk to English people? You're just going to sit in a room and sign documents?"
-"Why, yes, I'm going to have beer with them." -"No, you're not because you don't know 'bar
English'." "Bar English" isn't just you go to the bar and you drink and you say, "Hey
man, give me another beer, or, "Dos cervezas, por favor." You know, it's not that. It's
what we call "social English". It's the contractions: "I wanna go" or "I'm gonna" that you shouldn't
use when you're using formal English, especially when writing. No. No, no, no, no, no. But
you do when you speak, and it makes people more comfortable -- the idiomatic speech,
which isn't necessarily good for an office environment, but it's quite acceptable and
expected when you're at a bar, at a beach, and with your family. Okay? This is what I
put "nutrition" in. Stuff you should take in. You should balance off the academic with
a little bit of the social. It'll make your life more whole, and you'll find that you
can actually go out, talk to people, and that will enhance your learning, okay? Cool? You
like that? Why do I have "out"? I've always said when
people work out -- because sometimes I dabble. "Dabble" means to play in something. It's
not also what you put in, it's what doesn't come out. So in layman's terms, which means
common people terms: No poo poo; no good. Okay? So you're taking all this stuff in,
the bar room and the business and that, right? But what are -- what are you taking out? I
touched on it on the workout. You've got to correct your mistakes. A lot of people take
in bad English because they study something badly or they don't correct anything, and
continue with it. Well, those mistakes build up, just like bad food builds up and creates
a bad body. After a while, you've studied a year. You have so many mistakes. It's almost
impossible to fix. So you give up, saying, "I will never be good." In computer words
or language, parlance -- "parlance" means wording -- "garbage in, garbage out". I'm
telling you take in -- know what you're taking in. You need the academic. You need some social.
Work on those aspects. You also need to watch what you don't throw out -- things that are
useless to you -- you may never even use. Why are you learning medical terminology?
You're not a doctor; you're a garbage man, right? Know how the garbage machine works.
Cool? Anyway, and the final one is "Rest". Everybody
knows -- not everyone; silly to say. But a lot of people who work out realize quite quickly
that you can work out, and you can eat the right food, but if you don't get adequate
-- and "adequate" means "enough". If you don't get enough rest, the problem is your muscles
won't grow because your body is always repairing or fixing itself, okay? So that's what we're
looking at here when we talk about rest. You need to grow. You need to get bigger. And
you need the time to grow. People grow over time. Things grow over time -- so do muscles.
Language is the same. You need a break. You're like, "What? You told me I have to work out
hard and all this intensity and all this. I've got to watch the garbage I put in and
all" -- yeah. But you need to rest. You need two forms of rest. You notice I have "breaks"
and "time out". Breaks: when you're learning, if you learn in chunks, take 20 or 30 minutes.
Work on something. Take a break. Five minutes, ten minutes, take some air. Walk around. Let
it sit, okay? What do I mean, "let it sit"? Let the information go into your brain, and
then come back. Don't always cram. "Cram" means taking something and pushing it in again
and again into something, okay? Don't cram. That's bad. It's not enjoyable either. Don't
cram information. What you want to do is put the information. Give it time to settle. Come
in a little bit, then come back to it. You'll find that you understand it a little bit better.
So take breaks in your learning. After 15 minutes of learning, 30 minutes, 45 -- take
breaks. They've found that in learning language, 20 to 30 minutes is very good for the brain
to get the information and learn from it. Now, that's a break while you're learning
a lesson or in a workout. But in a program -- see I'm coming back to this again. In a
program, take a time out. Now, what I mean by "time out" is going to sound funny. Take
a time out from actually learning, sitting in front, reading books, being in class. Take
a break. Don't do any language. But when you go outside, try and use your language. Try
and use it in a natural environment. I know for some of you, I know don't live in countries
where English is a primary language, that will be a little difficult. So people like,
a Spanish person in America -- United States -- they would find it easier, or a German
person because there're so many English tourists. But take a break from actually active learning.
The "learning curve", we call it -- what I found with students was that they'd come in
here, and they would go up, up, up, up, up, and then there would be called a "plateau"
-- a place where they would stay -- and then they would say "my English is going down".
And I would say, "Actually, it's not going down. Your brain is analyzing and learning.
It seems to you down. So one day when you go, 'Now my English better', it was always
here, and it was always going up. You just didn't see it until it came here. Your brain
needs time and so do you. So what I want you to do is -- I want you to take a break right
now. That's right, take a break because I'm finished this lesson. But before I do, let's
do the review. People always say the most important part
of the workout is actually the rest so you can get the information. But to go over it
again, work out. There's a difference between a "workout" and a "program". A "workout" is
the lesson you're studying, okay? Work on the process in that lesson. There's a video
on that process. Go check it out. You'll see it -- another learning lesson. The "program"
is the end goal, what do you want, and what workouts or what lessons are you going to
study to get to that end goal. A student is different than a businessman, which is different
than a person vacationing. They'll all have different programs, and have to have different
workouts to get there, okay? Remember that. Next, "nutrition": just like your workout,
what are you going to put in your body? What are you filling yourself with? Is it more
social -- bar talk -- or is it more formal -- education or business? Don't forget you've
got to clean out those mistakes. When someone's correcting you, or you find a mistake, correct
it. If you leave the garbage in -- don't take it out -- it's going to make you bad, okay?
Garbage in; garbage out; good nutrition; good learning in: mistakes come out. And finally,
rest. Take breaks while you're learning as well as a longer break, maybe a day or two.
Give your time -- yourself time. Give your brain time to think and absorb. Cool? You
like that? Well, it's our break time, okay? Because this
is a workout -- a www.engvid.com workout. www.engvid.com, I just said it. So please
go to -- Mr. E -- www.engvid.com, where "eng" stand for "English", and "vid" stands for
"video". Hey, and don't forget to subscribe because you'll get my latest video every week,
every month, every year, whenever. All the new ones come up, and you'll be the first
one to know. It'll be right on your page. Anyway, have a good one. I'm out. Super E
-- he's gone from "Mister" to "Super". This is a break. Remember: you have to come back
and study another video later. Ciao.