Learn Weather Expressions in English - Visual Vocabulary Lesson

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Hi, I’m Gina.

Welcome to Oxford Online English!

In this lesson, youll learn words and phrases to talk about the weather in English.

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It’s sunny.

The sun is shining.

It’s bright.

It’s humid.

The air feels heavy.

It’s sticky.

It’s too hot.

There’s a heatwave.

To talk about the weather in English, you often useitplus an adjective.

Before, you heard some examples, includingit’s sunny’, ‘it’s humidand

it’s too hot.’

You can usebein different forms to talk about the past or the future.

For exampleIt was sunny yesterday.’

It will be sunny tomorrow.’

It has been sunny recently.’

You also heardThere’s a heatwave.’

This is another common pattern to talk about the weather: usethere isorthere

are’, plus a noun.

There’s a strong wind.

It’s windy.

There’s a gentle breeze.

There’s a thunderstorm.

There’s a lot of lightning.

Sometimes, you useitwith a continuous verb to talk about the weather.

It’s raining hard.

It’s pouring down.

It’s hailing.

It’s snowing lightly.

It’s snowing heavily.

It’s raining lightly.

It’s a little wet outside.

If you use a continuous verb, you can also make it past.

For exampleIt was raining hard all day yesterday.’

It was snowing lightly when we left.’

To talk about the future, you *can* use a future continuous verb, but it’s more common

to usewillorgoing toplus an infinitive.

For exampleIt’s going to pour down soon.’

They say it will snow heavily at the weekend.’

It’s overcast.

There’s a lot of cloud.

It’s a grey day.

There’s one more common pattern.

You can useit’s aday’, and add an adjective beforeday’.

You heardit’s a grey day’.

You could also sayIt’s a cloudy day’, orIt’s a bright day.’

The forest is misty in the morning.

It’s a foggy day.

There’s some fog, but it’s not too thick.

Fogandmistare similar, but not the same.

Do you know the difference?

Fog is basically cloud which is at ground level.

Mist is caused by water droplets in the air.

Theyre similar, but fog is generally thicker and lasts longer.

Mist is thinner and normally disappears fast.

Many places are misty in the morning, but the mist disappears as the sun comes up.

There are some light clouds.

It doesn’t look like rain.

If you hearit looks like rain’, what will the sky look like?

It looks like rainmeans that it’s likely to rain very soon.

So, the sky is probably overcast, with lots of heavy, dark clouds.

There isn’t a cloud in the sky.

It’s perfectly clear.

If you describe the weather asclear’, you mean that there are few or no clouds.

You *also* mean that the air is clear: there’s no mist, or fog, or haze, or anything similar.

If it’s clear, you can see a long way.

It’s icy.

The river has frozen over.

If you live somewhere cold, rivers, lakes and other bodies of water might freeze over.

Freeze overmeans they freeze on top, but there’s still liquid underneath.

If it’s really cold, the river might freeze solid.

If the river has frozen solid, the whole thing is ice; there’s no liquid water.

There’s a blizzardyou can hardly see ten metres!

A blizzard is a kind of storm.

To count as a blizzard, you need heavy snow and strong winds at the same time.

The recent rain has caused severe flooding in some areas.

The floods have caused millions of euros of damage.

Heavy rain can cause floodsor flooding.

Floodingis a gerund, but it’s often used as a plain noun.

In the sentences you saw, you could sayfloodsorflooding’.

The hurricane is approaching the coast.

It is predicted that the typhoon will make landfall in the next 24 hours.

The storm will bring gale force winds, with gusts of up to 80 kilometres per hour.

There are different words for strong winds and storms.

A gale is defined by the wind force on the Beaufort scale.

There are different definitions, but anything above a specific strength is a gale.

What about hurricanes and typhoons?

Do you know the difference?

Hurricanes and typhoons are both powerful tropical storms, but they start in different

places.

Hurricanes form in the Atlantic Ocean, while typhoons form in the Pacific.

That’s all.

Thanks for watching!