PRESENT PERFECT or PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS? | the difference

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Hi guys, I'm Arnel, and today we're going  to look at the difference between two tenses.

What's the difference between the present  perfect and the present perfect continuous?  

in today's lesson Im going to break this question  down into little baby steps. So let's begin.

Both the present perfect and the present  perfect continuous focus on an action that  

started or happened in the past  and there's a present connection.

The movers have taken our stuff to the new houseThe movers have been taking our stuff to the new  house.

You can see the present perfect we have 'have + past participle'. The past participle is verb  

number three. For example - eat ate eaten 'eatenis my past participle. In this case 'taken'.  

Present perfect continuous, we have  'have been + 'verb ing'.  

Of course, if we have HE, SHEor IT, you need to use 'has'.  

'Has' + past participle. 'Has been' + verb ingSo, what's the difference between the movers have  

taken our stuff to the new house and The movers  have been taking our stuff to the new house?  

Present perfect - this action is finished. The movers  are done. Our old house is empty. Present perfect  

continuous - this action is ongoing. The movers  are still taking our stuff to the new house

I've tried to fix this. I've been trying to  fix this. You can see I'm using 'I've'. When  

you're speaking, try to contract as often  as possible. 'I've' meaning of course I HAVE.

Both of these are an action that started or  happened in the past, and they're connected to the  

present. Now I have a broken coffee machine sitting  in my kitchen. Present perfect - I'm done trying.  

I've tried so many times. I'm done, I'm not trying  anymore. Present perfect continuous - I'm going to  

keep trying. Yes I've tried a few times in the pastbut I'm going to continue trying. This is ongoing.

Big Ben's Burgers aren't doing well financially

They've closed their restaurantsThey've been closing their restaurants

Both of these happened or started in  the past, and there's a present connection.  

But, present perfect - all the stores  

are gone. If you want to go to Big Ben's Burgers, you can't. They're gone, they're all closed.

Present perfect continuous - they are still closing  them. For example, in the past there were 20, 20 Big  

Ben's Burgers. But, every month, a new one closesMaybe in a year you can't go to one anymore.  

This is ongoing. Oh my goodness, I think I've  said 'ongoing' with the present perfect continuous  

a few times now. - ongoing ongoing. this is ongoing - Right, when we use the present perfect continuous,

the action itself doesn't need to be ongoing, but there's going to be ongoing evidence.  

What do I mean by that? For exampleSorry I'm sweating, I've been running.  

In this example, I'm done running, but there's  present evidence. I'm really sweaty. The evidence  

of this past action is continuing. Let's keep  going. I've been allergic to cats my whole life.  

i've been being allergic to cats my whole life.

This one doesn't work. Let's let's try again. I've  known about Bridget's pregnancy for a while now

I've been knowing about Bridget's  pregnancy for a while now.

That one also, that one also doesn't work.  

Let's do one more example. This portrait this  portrait has belonged to my family for generations.

This portrait has been belonging to my family for generations.

Huh, why can't I say these sentences in the present  perfect continuous? All of these actions started or  

happened in the past, there's a present connectionand these actions are going to be ongoing.  

I'm going to continue to be allergic to cats. I'm  going to continue to know about Bridget's pregnancy.  

This portrait is going to continue to belong to  my family. Be, Know and Belong are what we call  

stative verbs. Stative verbs describe states  or situations that generally don't change.  

Stative verbs describe our emotions, our feelings  and things to do with our mind and our thoughts.  

For example - love, hate, remember, believebe, know, belong - these are all stative verbs.  

Stative verbs aren't normally used incontinuous way. That's why it's natural to say  

I've been knowing, or I've been being, This portrait  has been belonging. If your verb is stative, use the  

present perfect simple. My niece has graduated  from uni. Karen and Rasheed have gotten married.  

She's broken her foot. The verbs 'graduate',  'get', 'break' are not stative verbs, so  

why do I only have the present perfect hereWhy can't I use the present perfect continuous?  

Are things like graduating, getting marriedbreaking something, things that can be ongoing?

Not really, right? When you graduate, it's really  one day. Then it's finished. It's not ongoing.  

When you get married, I mean, it's one  day as well, maybe even 20 minutes.  

Breaking a bone, this is a very fast action. It  would really be impossible to hear someone say -  

I've been breaking my foot. On  Monday, I broke the toes. On Tuesday  

the top of my foot. I've been breaking my footYou can say 'My foot has been hurting', because pain,  

pain can be ongoing, but not breaking a boneThat cannot be ongoing. So we've looked at  

two reasons why we shouldn't use  the present perfect continuous.  

One - with stative verbs. and Two - if an action can't  really be ongoing. So when would we, when would we  

use the present perfect continuous instead of  the present perfect simple? Let's take a look.  

When we want to expresstemporary or new situation.  

My roommate has been acting really  odd lately. So 'lately' means 'recently',  

but I can remove 'lately' and for the listener it is  still clear that this is something new. My roommate  

has been acting really odd. This started in  the past, it has continued to the present.  

Maybe she'll continue to act this  way. Hopefully she'll snap out of it

'Snap out of it' means to stop behaving  in a negative way quickly, like a snap.  

Here, I'm letting the listener know this  is something new, and it's bothering me.

When it comes to the verbs 'live' and 'work',  we often use these tenses interchangeably.  

Classic question - What's the difference between  

I've lived in Texas since 2015. / I've been  living in Texas since 2015. When it comes  

to where we live, these two tenses have the  same meaning. There really isn't a difference.  

The same goes for the verb 'work'. I've worked  with Tony for over 12 years. I've been working  

with Tony for over 12 years. Really there is  no difference. Now I'm still working with Tony,  

and this is going to continue into the  future. Has anyone here ever lived in the US?

I've, I've lived in the US. In this  example here, remember, we often use  

the present perfect to speak  about a past life experience.  

A finished past life experience. In this case, the  speaker may not be in the US now. So depending  

on the situation, the context, you'll know  whether a person is still in that place or not.

Guys, you have been doing a really good job. I know  there's a lot of information so that's why it's  

time to do a little test, just to really review and  understand the difference between these two tenses.

The judges ____ their decision and the winner  is Hanna Greendorf. Which tense is correct?

'Have made'. The judges have made their decision. It's  a finished past action. Making a decision cannot be  

ongoing in this case, and there's a connection to  the present,... and the winner is Hanna Greendorf. So,  

you can see, there are three reasons why we choose  the present perfect over the continuous form.  

My best friend and her boyfriend are visiting  me. To be honest, they ____ me nuts. Nuts means 'crazy'.

They have been driving, they have been driving  me nuts. They came to my house a week ago, they  

are still here, and they're going to be here  another week. They have been driving me nuts.  

I can't wait for them to leave. Would  you like a tea or coffee? No thanks, I _____ one.

I've just had. I've just had one

Finished past action - I'm done my coffeeConnection to the present - Now I'm not thirsty, thank you.  

I just have one last example. One  last little mini question for you.

Your daughter ______ math to reading lately. That's  interesting. Normally she prefers reading to math.

'Has preferred.' Your daughter has  preferred math to reading this week.

'Prefer' is a stative verb. Your daughter  has been preferring math, is really  

unnatural. Yes this action, this preference  is probably going to continue, but because we  

have that stative verb - keep it present perfect simple. Okay, I hope today's lesson was helpful.  

Actually, let me know in the comments below  if there are any other tenses you find  

confusing. Don't forget to subscribe to my channel  

and turn on those notifications so you never  miss a video. I can't wait to see you soon. Byeeeee!