How to use 'Have' / 'Has' / 'Have Had' / 'Had Had' (The EASY Way!) - Learn English Grammar

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This video hits at each level beginner intermediate and advanced so if you're thinking

The verb have it's easy. Give me have had that's more difficult then skip to this time, but if you're thinking

Have had that's easy. That's like baby stuff

Give me had had that ones difficult

Then skip to this time or if life is very confusing and you just want to cry. Don't worry. You'll be fine

I love you. You're doing great. Just watch from now

So the verb have it works like a normal verb like do or go or drink and

in the present simple form, it looks like this I you we they

Have he she it has?

have is usually for possession or

actions which collocate linked to the verb have for example, I

Have a sister remember for he she it

She has a dog hmm

with possession in schools

they teach you this however with possession it's much more common much more natural to

Say it like this. I have got a sister

She has got a dog more natural more common is with the contraction

I've got I've got a sister she's got she's got a dog. So if you're talking about possession

Use have got it's much more common. It's much more natural

Have is not just for possession also actions collocate linked with have for example

Little sleep is called a nap and we say have a nap. Okay

For this let's use present continuous

if it's happening now now now

It's present continuous

Two important things one

don't forget the verb be and

ING with that verb

Secondly, you won't use present continuous or any

continuous tense

With possessions, for example, I'm having a dog

No, but this is an action you can use actions in continuous tenses

So I'm having a nap. That's fine. It's happening now Oh

a common mistake with have

Especially for Latin language speakers when you talk about your age

Don't say for

example I

have

20 years old. No, it's not the verb half

you are

20 years old that is a really common mistake. So don't make it. Let's use have in the negative. I you we they

Don't have he she it

Doesn't have for example

You don't have good hair now, I realize I know anyone to judge hair

However, I think we can all agree

That's not good. But I mean still it's not nice

and

Of course the form in he she it she doesn't have a heart

The common mistake I hear with this is this

You haven't good hair. I

Haven't a dog. This is really old-fashioned

No one says it I don't know why schools teach it these days. Just I guess

Stop saying I haven't

Okay questions

For I you we they it's do pronoun have but remember I said with possessions

it's much better much more natural to say have you got

Have you got a dog and then for he she it

Does he or she or it have a dog but again

You can change this. It might sound better might sound more natural to say has

he got

Has he got a dog so for possessions that sounds better sounds more natural

some of you are thinking

Hmm. Can I say have you a dog has he a dog?

That no, don't do that

This is all present tense. Okay, but

Had that's the simple past of half. So I you we they had and

You will love this. He she it also

Had I know i'm sata2. So other actions which collocates would have like

interview shower chat when talking in the simple past use had

He had a shower it's brilliant it never changes and the question form

For all pronouns doesn't change did you I wiII they he she it

have

breakfast for example and the negative form

Didn't have again this doesn't change with any pronoun. I you we they he she it

Always didn't have did you have breakfast? No, I didn't have time

I told you that for possession have got is the most common form, right?

But not in past

for past possessions don't say

Hadn't got no just say this one. I didn't have

have also is an auxilary verb you need this in perfect tenses and

It's a little bit more difficult, but don't worry

I promise it's not that bad have had this is used in present. Perfect

present perfect is about an experience which happened from a time in the past until

now

usually just an experience from your life so from birth until now, for example, you want to say I

in my life

Did the IELTS exam I have that experience and this becomes I

have done the IELTS test the form for I you we they have or fahisha it has and

The past participle or verb 3 you can call it of that verb

Do did done have done?

verb 3, but remember

with present perfect

You're not giving specific details about the experience just that you did it

Again from a past time until right now

So this could include today this week times which are still happening

So I have eaten dinner last night

No that no because last night is finished, but today today is still happening. For example

Have something to eat

You want to know hmm? Did they have something to eat?

Today from the beginning of today until now it's present perfect. So she'll say

Have you had anything to eat today?

Remember today that's still continuing. She's asking from the beginning of today

until now and her answer can be I've

had a cherry you can contract have I've

Had so when you see have had it's talking about

Something happening from a past time

Until now, how about the negative? I

Haven't had anything haven't had that's the negative remember. He she it

Hasn't had

When you start talking about the details, you're talking about specific things specific times

Then you change the past simple. For example. Oh my god. Have you been to Brazil?

That's present perfect. By the way. Yeah, I've been to Brazil. Oh my god. When did you go?

That's past simple. I'm asking about a specific time. Cool. Thanks. I went last year last year

Well, that's a specific time. Who did you go with I went with my family

You're really weird. So

experiences from a past time until now

present perfect the specific times and the details past simple and

Finally had had it's really not difficult. I promise stay here. Don't don't go any

Example question. Where did you go on your holiday last month? That's a specific time

So past simple he went to London now. He wants to know was it your first time?

And

He wants to say no the year before he had a holiday, how does he say that

You can say go on a holiday you can also say have a holiday

So, why did we use had-had?

Well, this is the past perfect. This talks about an experience

before a past experience the form

Is always the verb had I you we they he she it always

had and again the verb three in this case have had had so what he's saying is this

last month, I had a holiday to London, but before that I

Had had a holiday to London last year

So this action?

happened before this action and

Notice, they're connected. That's it. Those are the two reasons you use past perfect

this action happened before a past action and

They're connected. That's why we use past perfect. If I show you in a negative it might make more sense

Okay, let's imagine that

holiday was his first time to London and he

Got lost because he doesn't know this city and it can get confusing

so

Oh

Did you like London I got lost because I hadn't been there before this happened in the past

anything that relates to before this time and if it's connected

Then we use that

Past perfect tense, very very importantly. These two should be connected or related somehow

this is the reason for this and we know that this happened first and

the question form I

Went to London Wow, how do you been before so again remember past perfect?

It talks about something which happened or didn't happen

Before a past event. That's it. Oh and contractions. I

Had I'd

I'd been before so you'll notice with past perfect

often you'll see it with words like

before or already

Yeah, I'd already been

So words like before or already those often go with past perfect because you're talking about something

Which happened before a past action?

Ok, I want to make this clear for you. So let's put all of those tenses in

one situation

So a couple asking each other questions

We start with a past simple

When did you break up with your ex? This is past simple because it's a specific time when?

We broke up in September again specific time

September

Past simple but wait, there's drama

He's thinking from a past time September until now

We've been together since September

Since September until now that's present

perfect, and he wants to know what happened first the breakup of

Them being together what happened first, he needs to use a past perfect question

Had that relationship ended before we got together did this happen first

That relationship finished before we got together

So because she used past perfect that indicates that happened first

So actually we don't need

that sentence in

Fact we don't even need

Before we don't need to say that why

Because past perfect already implies that that happened first

Had that relationship finished before we got together

Yes, it had finished. Oh

Yes it had

So, okay

I hope you understand now how to use had have has

Have had and had had so write your own examples positives negatives and questions in the comments

I'll correct you and don't worry if this is all very confusing to you

It's not just you when I have a class

I'll usually do a few lessons on past perfect before moving on

So if you're still a bit confused, don't worry watch again take it slow. You will get there. I promise

And if you need extra extra English practice

You can join this channel as a member or join my patreon page. You'll find a worksheet for this and many other lessons

The length of signing up is in the description and I'll see you in the next class

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