Morning class, how are you doing?
yeah I'm good
Ugh! Last night I was making my homework for three hours!
I think it's "DO" "DO my homework"
"Do my homework"? I need to remember this, I'm making a test tomorrow!
It's "do", isn't it? It's "DO a test"
I knew that!
Look I did a mistake, I'm soooo sorry!
Shut up! "MAKE a mistake"? No!
-Why? -I don't know English is stupid
No! No! I hate you, I hate YOU
You, I don't know your name but I hate you too!
I hate English!
I'm sorry that was rude! I'm sorry!
I'm gonna do a coffee and calm down
Oh for f-
Okay "Make" and "Do" In many Latin languages,
there's just one word for make and do, but in English we have two
(Make and do)
but don't worry it's actually very easy to learn the difference
Basically basically "DO": This is for general actions
"MAKE" however, that's when you physically create build produce something
So if you build create produce something with your hands or machine maybe it's make
and if it's a regular daily like a repeated action a daily activity then it's "DO"
Of course there are exceptions of course there are fixed phrases
We're going to look at all of them
Okay let's get into more detail
"DO": Like I said it's for general daily activities daily repeated actions
Okay a general daily activity daily action that you repeat all the time
That's a general action. We repeat it
Maybe not daily but we do say "I'm gonna do some exercise today"
What should I do?
Maybe I should do yoga Do you do yoga? Is it good? I've never done it
"Do some stretching" commonly we add "some" in the middle
Not all the time, but it does sound good to add "some"
"I'm gonna do some stretching"
"Do meditation" - again it might sound better to say "I'm going to do SOME meditation"
We can also talk about the degree of success or failure for some action. For example:
You did something and you were amazing!
You can say something like this:
"I did really well on the test"
or in the negative "Umm you didn't do well in the test, you failed!"
So have you done a test, an exam recently?
How did you do? Let me know in the comments!
and if the verb is really obvious you can change it for DO, example:
It probably isn't obvious, but she is doing the thing...
these things are called your "eyelashes"
and she has a brush thing and she's doing that
Also she's not a vampire, this is "makeup"
A common mistake with this: I hear students say "I'm going to make me up"
We don't say that
"Put on makeup"
and of course you can say...
"I'm going to paint my nails" "I'm going to style/brush my hair"
but it doesn't sound necessary because these are very common activities
You would just say "Do"
"I'm going to DO my makeup",
"I'm going to DO my nails",
"I'm going to DO my hair"
Another example would be...
-"Hey let's clean the house!" -"Okay!"
"I'll do the kitchen, you do the toilet!"
We already established the verb "clean", so we don't need to repeat it here and here
"Let's clean the house I'll clean the kitchen you clean the toilet"
we don't want to repeat words, "I'll DO the kitchen you DO the toilet"
"DO" often collocates with types of work
Housework Shopping. "Do the shopping"
"Do the laundry"
"Do the housework" "Do the cleaning" "Do the dishes"
Also schoolwork: A very common mistake I hear is when students say this
"Oh my god I'm so nervous I'm going to MAKE the IELTS test next week!"
You're not creating the IELTS test, right?
So you don't use MAKE, use DO
You're going to DO the IELTS, or any test or exam
So there's that do a test or an exam, "Do your homework"
"Do research", you DO a course at uni, For example:
Tell me in the comments if you're going to university, which course are you going to do?
With "course" you can also say TAKE, you "take a course" that's okay too
and if you are the teacher of a course, you have to create the course, create a syllabus
YOU! You would say MAKE!
"I have to make a course at uni! Oh my god"
also for work or business stuff
"Do a job"
"Do a task"
"Do an activity"
"Do an interview"
actually okay if you are the person who wants the job
it's more common to say "I'm going to HAVE an interview"
"I had an interview today I think he thought I was rubbish"
"Don't worry! I'm sure you did very well! No one thinks you're rubbish!"
The person who GIVES the interview, gives the interview. The verb is "Give"
But they also say DO
"I did three interviews today, all of them were rubbish!"
Oh also a really common mistake is this one:
"Hi! Sorry can you MAKE me a favour?"
No this is very common! It's not MAKE a favour, it's DO a favour
"Sorry can you do me a favour?"
The exception to housework is
In the morning you want to tidy your bed after you slept in it
We don't say "DO the bed" sometimes we do
But more often we say "MAKE the bed" "Every day you should MAKE your bed"
This is coming from someone who never makes their bed
Then we have MAKE, remember I said if you create, produce, or build something
then you MAKE it
In the morning you wake up, you make breakfast. What do you make?
You make a pancake because you're cool
and you physically create it with your hands
Same with a coffee, you MAKE a coffee
or like now you MAKE a YouTube video.
Also MAKE often collocates with speaking things communication decisions that kind of thing
For example: You want to go somewhere with your friends and you need a plan
This guy wants a suggestion, so he'll say:
I have no ideas make a suggestion!
Okay let's get pancakes, or beer. I don't mind
Make a decision
Okay let's make a plan
Friday at 8:00 p.m. pancakes and ice cream because we're adults!
Make me a promise, make an effort, if you're late don't make an excuse
I will make a complaint to your mother for raising such a rubbish child
Alright don't make a speech! We all make mistakes!
That is a lot of information
but I hope that you made the decision or made the choice
to take notes in this lesson you can also say make notes
The exception with communication is "Question"
This is a common mistake I hear, it's not "MAKE a question" Nooo!
It's "Ask a question" So take that put it in your memory and keep it there!
MAKE also collocates very nicely with money and business things. For example:
"To earn money" we replace the verb EARN with MAKE. Example:
Let me know in the comments...
What do you do (The action) to make money? (Earn)
"Let's make a bet" (To Gamble)
You also make a deal, make an agreement, make a contract
You make a payment. For example: "I make monthly payments for my phone"
In a business if you make lots of money you make a profit
or if you lose lots of money you make a loss
you might make the decision to make an investment
I was thinking about making an investment in Bitcoin like four years ago
and I'm quite sad now
Wait am i sad? Is Bitcoin still a thing?
Oh! and Brazilians! I know that you love your barbecue
and let's be honest, Brazilian barbecue, is there anything better? Probably not!
But a common mistake with this that I hear from students is this:
"Let's make a barbecue!"
You don't MAKE a barbecue
That sounds like you build the barbecue, build the the cooker thing, the grill
No we say you HAVE a barbecue
Sometimes we say...
"Oh this weekend we're gonna do a barbecue"
But I think that's only a British thing I don't think Americans say "DO a barbecue"
American English "I'm doing a barbecue" - Yeah, no!
Same thing with "party", you don't MAKE a party you HAVE a party
Lastly we can talk about changing emotions or changing states. For example:
Picture the scene you're in a restaurant with your partner, it's so romantic
Your partner is being very romantic "You make me so happy!"
There's a mariachi guy, he is serenading you!
but you don't like romance
"Sorry can we make this less romantic?"
"Can we make this less romantic?" "You make me happy"
We're talking about changing emotional states or changing the situation
Also as a fixed phrase "to make sure... something"
For example: remember when you were really young child and you wanted to be sure
You wanted to know definitely there were no monsters under your bed
So you asked your mum: "Mum can you please make sure that there are no monsters under my bed?"
I mean you know some kids do that, I definitely didn't do that when I was young
Okay daily collocations that you use every single day
When I wake up I make a coffee
then I make breakfast
then I make the bed
then I'll do my teeth and make myself look good
When I put on my jacket I need to...
...do it up
"To DO UP my jacket"
Oh with my shoes also...
DO UP my shoes
then at the office I'll do some work
then I'll come home I'll make dinner
Quick side note: With meals, breakfast, lunch, dinner
You can say both
"What are you doing tonight?"
"I'm gonna quickly do some dinner then I'm gonna see my friends"
then I'll do some cleaning
make food for tomorrow, and finally do the dishes
So I hope all of that's clear
If not, here are some sentences which show you exactly how the sentence changes with DO or with MAKE
It's her sixteenth birthday, and he's saying "I made something for your birthday"
He said MAKE because there's a cake
He physically built it with his hands in this case a cake
"I don't want a cake, I want a car"
But if you say "I DID something for your birthday"
For example: He bought her a new car
So he didn't create the car, he bought it that's an action. "Did"
And finally if you want to start a new business with your friend
What will you tell your friend?
"I want to make a business with you" or "I want to do some business with you"?
Which one to create a new - You already know make right? Yeah!
MAKE means create right?
So if that's what you want to do start a new business create this new business
You want to make a business
but if you want to talk about a deal, a project, a contract
then you want to do some business with that person
"I think we should do business"
Here's a quick tip:
In general if you're not sure which verb to use or maybe you don't remember
the safe option just use "Do"
you'll probably be right and sometimes when we say "MAKE something"
You can also say "DO the thing" it doesn't work the other way though
So if you're not sure you don't remember, just use do
So try your own examples in the comments
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and I'll see you in the next class!