Hi I'm Arnel from Arnel's Everyday English and today we're going to look at
have, has, had, have had, has had, had had. Oh my goodness, they all look so similar but
we use them in different ways. It's going to be easy. Have Has Had is
step number one. Have had, has had, is step number two. Had had is step number three,
let's begin. Number one have, has, had.
Here we have the different forms. You can see the forms in the present simple, and
you can see the form in the past simple. Just take a look, he/she it has.
We use the present simple to speak about repeated actions, or, things that never
change. I have two sisters, this will never change. Teresa has beautiful hair.
I have toast with eggs every morning. This is a repeated action.
We use the past simple for completed actions in the past. I HAD toast with
eggs for breakfast. We HAD a wonderful time on a holiday Georgian and Estelle HAD
an argument. So there you have it, step number one is
have in the present simple and past simple. Let's go on to step number two.
Have had and has had he is the grammatical structure for the present
perfect tense. When you see these combinations you know it's the present
perfect. If you want to completely understand the present perfect, you must
know what a past participle is. A past participle is verb number three. Walk,
walked, walked. Walked is my past participle. Fly, flew, flown. Flown is my past participle.
Do, did, done. Done is my past participle. What's the past participle of have?
Have, had, had. Had is my past participle.
Okay, we form the present perfect using, have or has plus the past participle,
that verb number three. Half has walked, have has flown, have has done, have has
I have had such a busy morning.
He has had two major operations this year.
We have had over 200 applicants for this job posit ion.
The present perfect is a complex tense. But basically, an action that started in
the past, has impact on the present. That's when you use the present perfect.
So we have or has, plus had, that past participle. Okay, let's go on to step
Had-had, why do we use a double had? Had had, is the grammatical structure of
the past perfect tense. We form the past perfect using had, plus past
participle. Had walked, had flown, had, done had HAD.
I didn't want lunch, because I had had a large breakfast.
We wanted to go back to Barcelona because we had had such a great time.
Jim did better than me on the exam because he had had more time to study.
The past perfect, had plus past participle. We use a past perfect to say
an action in the past happened before another past action.
First I had a big breakfast, then I didn't want lunch. First we had a great
time, then we wanted to go back. First he had more time to study, and then he did
better than me. Have, has, had, have had, has had, had had. That's very difficult to say.
Done! We went over all the rules. So, be sure to subscribe if you want more mini
lessons and videos, and I'll see you very soon!