I know I'm SO a good teacher, right? No! I'm SUCH a good teacher!
Today we're doing the differences between SO and TOO including very, really, and a few other things
There is a test at the end of this video, so stay for that.
Also make sure you have a pen and a piece of paper
"Very" is easy, it's 'more than normal' so you want to say "Wow! This thing is more than normal!"
"She is VERY pretty" or "she's...
"she's REALLY pretty"
REALLY is more common to say than VERY
But just know that they're basically the same thing
She's very pretty, she's really pretty
but when this guy says "Wow she's SO pretty"
that adds some emotion to his sentence
"WOW! she's pretty"
It's a bit stronger than VERY or REALLY
With "Very", "Really", and "So"
the next word can be an adjective like "pretty"
or an adverb like...
This time they're talking about how well she speaks French
This guy, more than normal, "She speaks very well"
This guy, "Oh my God, Wow! She speaks...Wow!"
"She speaks SO well"
"So", "Very", "Really" with an adjective or an adverb
How about a noun? Let's add a noun to this.
"Girl", that's a noun
We cannot use "So" with a noun
we have to change it
she's such a smart girl
"Such" and "So" mean the same thing
But "so" for adjectives and adverbs
"Such" for nouns
That is an adjective
but this describes the noun, right?
because of that we need "Such"
Let's imagine you go to a shop, you want to buy some new jeans
but there's no price "Excuse me, how much are these jeans?"
We know that "so" adds some emotion
some "Wow that is a lot of that thing!"
So maybe he will say...
"Wow they're expensive"
"They are SO expensive!"
This guy however, he will say "TOO"
So what is the difference between them?
"TOO" means it's excessive, it's more than you want, more than you like
maybe it's impossible to do this thing now
That's why "too" might seem bad in some situations
So, the difference
He is saying "wow they are SO expensive" but maybe he has enough money
it's still a lot of money but he has enough
this guy however
"Maybe I don't have enough money", or
"It's more money than I want to spend"
That's why he says "too" "too expensive"
I've heard students say "wow it's it's too cheap, it's too cheap!"
They think it's that's a good thing it's "wow cheap cheap cheap!"
If I hear "TOO cheap"
I'm thinking "Hmm TOO cheap"? There must be a problem with that thing
The student should have said "wow it's so cheap"
another example let's say you want to put on some makeup
so you try
No. That's more than we need
That's too much! That's too much makeup
So you try again
now your friend thinks you're crazy
What is more than "too much"?
you can add emphasis by adding...
That's WAY too much! That's FAR too much
WAY and FAR add emphasis
It's more than 'TOO MUCH'
Dude, this is a ridiculous amount of makeup
if I were a girl, that's probably what I would do
I'm not that smart
now one thing about this is, we used "too MUCH" why "too MUCH"?
"makeup" is a noun
an uncountable noun
with uncountable nouns
you'll put "TOO MUCH + uncountable noun"
"That's WAY TOO MUCH makeup"
Honestly this will probably be me very soon
I eat too many donuts
it's excessive it's more than I need
notice I used "too MANY" not "too MUCH"
too MANY because "Donuts" is a noun
but it's a countable noun
so with countable nouns, too MANY
If we change the noun to "Food"
that's an uncountable noun.
Too MUCH food I eat too MANY donuts
You know what, I'm not sorry, they're delicious!
Okay final one, we'll put everything we've learnt into this one example
This student has a test
he opens his test, looks at the questions and thinks...
"Wow this is harder than normal"
What will he say? He just wants to say "more than normal" just that
"This is VERY hard"
Remember he could also say
"This is REALLY hard"
and again REALLY is more common, I use REALLY more than VERY
So "Really", more common to use
Further into the test he sees "Oh my god this is... wow this is hard!"
Wow! This is hard!
What can he say?
This is SO hard!
"SO" it adds emphasis, it adds emotion
It adds that WOW to this adjective or adverb
Now we add a noun
remember with a noun how do we change it?
SUCH a hard test!
"This is SUCH a hard test! Oh my god!"
Again SO and SUCH, they mean the same thing
but such is with a noun
and remember to use the article if it needs one
this time he wants to say "No! This test is impossible!"
Not SO hard, but...
Too "This is TOO hard! I'm leaving!"
So next time you want to say "She's TOO beautiful" or "It's TOO cold"
Maybe you want to say she's SO beautiful it's SO cold
just be careful which one you mean
okay test time
On your paper write: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
I'm going to give you an example sentence
You have to decide is it TOO or SO?
In that example, you couldn't understand me because
Which one do you think?
Why? it was faster than you could understand making it impossible
therefore TOO fast
Number 2) I watch Game of Thrones
But I don't like how many people die in Game of Thrones
I'm going to stop watching
TOO many people are dying! I don't like it! I'm not going to watch anymore!
Bye bye Game of Thrones! oh no no
Game of Thrones til I die!
Number 3) Wow I can understand him but he speaks very very fast Wow
Remember I can understand him so it's not TOO fast or TOO quickly
Ugh! Tired! I can't stay awake anymore!
I must sleep now
"Tired" is the adjective
Of course I am TOO tired! No! I can't stay awake anymore! I'm TOO tired
and finally number 5)
"Wow, this lesson was good! Wow! Good!"
"I learned a lot!"
if you agree, write "This lesson was SO good!" in the comments!
If you got everything correct
You are amazing! You're a genius!
and you deserve an ice cream and a doughnut and a pancake
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