When to use SOME and ANY? Learn English Grammar

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Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between

someandany.”

So let's get started!

Okay, the first point I want to talk about withsomeandanyis how to use

someandanyin terms of where to put these two words in a sentence.

So we usesomeandanyin the same position in a sentence, we usesome

andanybefore the noun or before a noun phrase; so please be careful don't use

someoranyafter the noun, you should be usingsomeandanybefore

the noun.

Okay, so given this, let's take a look at how to decide whether you should usesome

or you should useanyin your sentence.

All right, first, I want to talk aboutsome.”

We usesomein positive statements, so these are statements that do not have a

negative in them, we use them for positive statements.

A few examples here are, I need some butter.

Here, “someis before the noun.

In the next one, we have "some food."

Somecomes before the wordfood,” the noun, a positive statement.

Third, they had some good ideas.

So good ideas is used as a noun phrase here, good ideas; “somecomes before that noun

phrase.

So these are a few examples of positive statements.

We can usesomein positive statements, that's the first point I want to make.

The second point I want to make is here, it's about requests.

We usesomein a couple of different question patterns, one of them is making requests.

When we want to make requests we can usesomein the request, for example, can I have some

time off?

We usesomehere because it's a request, making a request to your boss, for example,,

in this case, we should usesome.”

Can I have some time off?

Second, will you give me some space?

Will you give me space?

This is another request, we can tell, will you give me, this is a very good hint that

someone is asking for something else, a request should usesome.”

Finally, can he take care of some things for me?

Can he take care of some things for me?

In this case, it's asking for someone's help in a situation, so it's a request we should

use the wordsome.”

Great!

Ok, so the second point I want to talk about is usingsomefor offers, to make offers

we should usesome.”

Again, offers, like requests, are a question, this is a question pattern where we should

use the wordsometo make the question.

So in the first example, would you like some wine?

We usesomehere in the pattern "would you like," this is a really good pattern to

know, would you like some bla bla bla?

Would you like some wine?

Would you like some beer?

Would you like some, a few other things we'll see in just a moment, but we should usesome

here because it's an offer-type question.

One more example, do you want some cheese?

So these two patterns, "would you like" and "do you want," they really are expressing

the same thing, the difference is in the level of formality.

"Would you like" is more formal than "do you want," these two questions, really, they have

the same point; there's they're offering something, but the level of formality is what's different here.

Okay, last one.

Do you want some more time?

So here, again, an offer, a more casual offer with "do you want."

And again, we havesomeplus "more time."

So please make sure to usesomebefore the noun or before the noun phrase and use

it in your offer questions as well as your request questions.

So those are the two types of questions I want to talk about today when we're using

some.”

Also, please remember we use it in positive statements as well.

Okay, so with that let's continue on toany.”

I want to talk aboutanynext.

Anyis sort of the opposite in terms of statement-making fromsome,” we use

anyin negative statements.

So for example, I don't have any money.

Here, I have "don't," "do not," the negative here; I don't have any money, therefore, is

correct, we should useanyin a negative statement.

Another example, they didn't get any new clothes.

They "didn't," again, here's our negative, they "didn't," "did not," so we should use

anybefore our noun phrase, which is new clothes here.

Finally, we didn't make any cookies.

Here "didn't" is in the negative form again, a past tense statement plusanybefore

our noun here, in this case, cookies.

So please useanywhen you want to make a negative statement.

Ok, the last point I want to make today is about questions.

We useanywith questions, yes, but we do not useanyin requests and offers,

we just learned that we usesometo make requests and offers.

So in other questions, like information questions, asking for information, not for a request,

not for an offer, but asking for information, for example, we useanyin these cases.

So let's take a look the first sentence.

Do we need any salt?

So this is an information question, yes or no, do we need any salt?

We should use this here.

This is not a request, this is not an offer, soanyis the best choice for this sentence.

In the next example we have, does he have any markers?

Again, this is an information question, the person speaking is asking for information,

not making a request and not making an offer, so we should useanyhere.

Ok, so the final example here is, did she give you any tips?

So our noun phrase here is "tips," "any" comes before that and we notice, also, this is not

a request, this is not an offer, so we should useany,” it's an information question,

we're asking for information.

So let's keep this in mind, we useanyfor questions which are not requests and not

offers, think about it as asking for information only; you're not making a request for help,

not making a request for an item, but if you're looking for information, you should probably

useanyto make your question.

Okay, so let's take a look at a few examples sentences that I've prepared.

The first one here is, do we have _____ milk?

So here I'm looking for information, I'm not making a request, I'm not making an offer,

I want information, so I should useanyin this case.

Do we have any milk is the correct sentence here.

The next one.

Can I have _____ cake?

Here, I'm looking for something, I'm looking for cake, I want cake, I'm making a request.

I know that requests are paired withsome,” so I'm going to usesomein this sentence.

Can I have some cake? is the correct sentence, the correct question.

The next one.

I really need _________ money.

So, this is a statement, not a question, and there's no negative here, so we should use

the positivesome.”

I really need some money is the correct sentence here.

All right, let's take a look at the next sentence.

I don't have _________ pets.

Here is a negative and we see this is not a question, so we know we should useany

because we useanyfor negative statements, this "don't," "do not" shows us that we should

useanyhere.

Okay, next one.

Do you want _________ pizza?

So here we have a question and it looks like this is an offer, so there's this "do you

want" pattern, which we talked about right here, do you want.

So we should usesome,” this is an offer question.

Do you want some pizza?

Making an offer, you should usesome.”

Next sentence.

Wanna get _________ food after work?

Again, we have a question and we have this pattern "wanna get," this is a very very casual

form of "do you want to get," we've dropped "do you want to" and we use the very casual

"wanna" here.

So it's, again, an offer question.

Wanna get some food after work?

Okay, next sentence.

He doesn't have _________ friends.

So a statement, yes, but we see a negative here, "doesn't" or "does not" is the negative

form, so we know that we should useanyin this pattern, in this sentence.

He doesn't have any friends.

Okay, final question here, may be a difficult one.

Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

So this isn't quite an offer, it's like a very very soft offer, yes, but this person

is sort of asking for information.

Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

They're asking for a yes or no kind of, and there's a negative here, there's a negative

"don't," a "do not," so it's a good idea in this sentence to useany.”

Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

This sounds a little bit negative.

Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

If you want to make a straightforward offer, like, would you like some dessert?

That's okay, it sounds a little bit better because there's a negative here with "don't"

to useanyin this sentence.

This is a little bit tricky but I think it's I think it's okay to use.

All right!

So those are a few basic points about when to usesomeand when to useany.”

Please remembersomeis used for positive statements, requests, and offers.

Anyis used for negative statements and questions which are not requests or offers,

like information questions.

So I hope this video was helpful for you.

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below this video.

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Thanks very much for watching this episode and I will see you again soon. Bye!

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