Learn English with Mr. Duncan - Lesson 17 (Time)

Hi everybody, this is Misterduncan in England. How are you today?… Are you ok? I hope soAre you happy? I… hope so! In this lesson we're going to spend some timetalking all aboutTime!

The easiest way to describe time would be to say that it runs in the form of a straight line. That is the reason why we often describe time as being "Linear". There are some pretty strict rules when it comes to our understanding of time. For exampletime can only go forwards. Timecannot be slowed down and time cannotbe stopped.

Luckily for us we have a neat little system called "Stressing Tense". This allows us to use words to show when something has happened that it's happening nowor when it will happen. But how does this relate to learning English? I will tell you. In English Grammar we need to know when an event is happening and we need to be able to show it clearly by what we say.

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Sorry! It may seem a little strange to be linking the subject of time with learning English, but in fact there is a very strong connection between the use of English and it's relation to time. Needless to say everything happens at a certain time. So it is important for us to be able to say when a certain event happened. We have three basic points to consider, when talking about placing an event at a particular moment. We have the pastwe have the presentand of course we have the future. It is also worth remembering that the only part of this that is moving forward is the present. The future always lies ahead. And the past is constantly trailing behind. However, the present is also constantly changing. It is a little bit like sitting in a moving car. The car represents nowand the road is time itself.

So when speaking Englishyou will need to know how to express words to clearly show the point of time to which it relates. A very simple example would beDidDoingDo. I did it in the past. I have done it already. I'm doing it in the present. I'm doing it now. I will do it in the future. I will do it later. I did my home work. I did my homework in the past. I've done it already. It's already been done. I'm doing my homework. That means it is being done now. I will do my homework. That means it will be done laterin the future.

Another example for youI went for a run. I'm running. I will go for a run. And one more exampleI carried my shopping home. I'm carrying my shopping home. I will carry my shopping home.

If I used the word "Walked" in a sentence would I be talking about something I did already in the past? Or would I be talking about something I will do later in the future? If you say it was something I did alreadythen you would be rightwell done! Time is a very complicated thing to understand. It took Humans thousands of years to discover the relation between when and what. But we finally did manage to work it outwhen a Scientist named Albert Einstein scratched his head one day and said… "It is all relative". It was at what precise momentwhen the "Theory of relativity" was born. It is much easier nowadays to explainwhen and what. But there is still one question we cannot answerand that question isWhy?

There are some Idioms and proverbs which relate to time. For example… "Time waits for no man", "No time like the present", "All in the fullness of time", "just in the nick of time", "A stitch in time savesnine", "Time marches on", "The sands of time". Well, it seems as if I have run out of time. I only have a few moments left. SoI will wrap up here.

This is Misterduncan in England sayingthanks for your time and for watchingSee you laterNext timeHopefully soon. Bye-bye for now.

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