Learn English Grammar: has, have, have got


Hello, engVid viewers. Welcome back. Today, we're doing a lesson on: "have" and "have

got", and the differences between these two grammatical constructions, and when we use

them. Okay? So I'm going to be talking through the different uses of: "have" and "have got",

which tenses we can use, whether it's past, present, or future, and then looking at the

form; exactly how we make sentences using: "have" or "have got".

As a generalization, here in the UK, we prefer to say: "has got" rather than "has". Missing

a little mark there. So, I might say: "David Cameron has got an important job." Whereas

in the US, they might say: "Barack Obama has an important job." Okay? So that's just a

small little difference you might want to think about. It's not important though, don't

worry too much about it.

When we're talking about the possessive, when we're talking about things you own-okay?-property,

you can use both: "have" and "have got". So, for example: "My friend, Joanna, has got a

beautiful house." Or I could use: "have". "Billy has a big horse." Okay? So I can use

both: "has got" and "has". Yeah? Pretty, pretty plain sailing? Obviously, if it's not "he",

so this is "he", if it was kind of "they", then it would be: "They have a big horse."

A big horse.

Now, how do I ask questions about the possessive? Well, if I'm using: "have", I take this form:

"Do you have a carrot?" Because Billy's horse is hungry. Okay? "Do you have", and then my

object here. "Do you have?" If I'm using: "have got", then I put "have" and this is

kind of my subject. "Have you got a mortgage?" Okay? So: "Do you have...?" or: "Have you

got...?" Okay? Something to remember. "Do you have...?" or: "Have you got...?"

Now, when I'm using actions: "have" I use when I'm talking about something that is a

habit. For example: "I usually have a shower after going to the gym." Okay? "I usually

have Weetabix in the morning." So these are things that I do quite often. "Have got",

it's slightly different when I'm talking about an action and "have got". So: "I have got

to go to the toilet after this lesson." Okay? "I have got to go to the bank tomorrow.",

"I have got to telephone my mother and say: 'Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah,

blah, blah', about Christmas." Okay?

Obviously, so we're going to be talking about tenses in a sec, but when I talk about this

in the past tense, it would be: "I had to do this." And I wouldn't use: "got". "I had

to do this." And I would say: "I will have to do this." So when I'm using the past and

the future, I miss out: "got", but when I'm talking about the present, when I'm talking

about something I need to do: "I have got to do this", and then it's going to be in

the infinitive: "to do", "to telephone", "to call", "to go". Okay? It's an urgent action.

Let's look more at tenses. So: "have got" is used only in the present. Okay? As I pointed

out there. And it can be contracted into a smaller thing. Eg: "I've got a nice bicycle.",

"I have got a nice bicycle." Translation. Okay. "Have got", we only use in the present.

"Have", well I can use this in the present, the past simple, and in future forms. Now,

here is my example... So this is actually past simple here. So: "I had a burger for

lunch." Past simple. My future form with "will": "I will have onion soup tomorrow." And in

the present: "I have a bag of crisps in my bag." Okay? Past, present, future.

Now, what is the form? Well, when I'm talking about: "have", it's generally subject, plus

"have", plus object. And obviously, then you're going to change this around according to what

tense it is. So: "I have some crisps." Okay? But when I'm talking about "have" and g-g-g-g-"got",

it's more like... I don't have a stutter, by the way, don't worry, it's okay. "I", "you",

"we", "they", these are all my subjects. So, and then: "have" and "got". So, for example:

"Houston, we have got a problem." So earlier, in the UK, we prefer: "has got", whereas in

the US, they prefer: "has". So actually in the film, it's: "Houston, we have a problem."

Okay? But in the UK, we like our: "got", yeah, they're very nice. Okay? So, subject, plus

"have", plus "got", plus objects; the thing we do the doing to. Yeah?

"He", "she", "it". So it's "have" when it's "I", "you", "we", or "they", and it's "has"

when it's "he", "she", or "it". Okay? That's just the conjugation of the verb. Subject,

plus "has", plus "got", plus objects. Ee... Eg: "The dog has got rabies." Okay? So: "have

got" is only used in the present. I can't say: "The dog has gotted rabies." Okay? It's

in the present tense, right now. That dog out there has got rabies, so I'm going to

go jump out the window.

Before I do, I want to tell you, you're going to go to www.engvid.com right now, as in not

in five minutes time, but right now and go and do the quiz to test your knowledge on

this grammar of: "has" and "has got". Okay? Feel free to subscribe to my YouTube channel.

I hope to see you here in the near future. That means not in a week's time, but maybe

tomorrow. And if you'd like to, do check out more information about what I do at Exquisite

English. Thank you so much.